Area 1138

Main Information
Area ID 1138
Site Höyücek Höyük
Area type settlement
Area NR
Period Anatolia: Early Neolithic
Dating method material culture
radiocarbon dating
Radiocarbon dated yes
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP)
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC)
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP)
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC)
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference
Comment The Early Neolithic II settlement is also known as The Shrine Phase and has two Subphases. With the destruction of the Shrine Phase buildings is a short break between the Early Neolithic II settlement and the Late Neolithic settlement.
Settlement type tell
Settlement structure
Settlement building type one-room
Settlement building shape rectangular
Settlement building technique mud brick
Settlement archaeological features bothros
clay platform
clay structure
storage pit
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type
Grave: type of human remains
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description All buildings of this phase are related to cultic practices. Five buildings have been investigated which were placed on an east-west axis. The buildings were constructed with mudbricks without stone foundations. Buildings 1 and 2 were badly damaged. Building 3 was one-roomed with walls of different thickness and some niches on the inner sides. The entrance was in the middle of the long wall with cavities in the wall on either side of the door opening, suggesting a sliding door system. On the opposite wall was a large oven with a fire box in front of it, covered by a flat roof. Building 4 was constructed in the small area measuring 8 x 5 m between buildings 3 and 5. The room was divided into two by a low wall and was filled with a large number of non-portable items like a large number of box-like compartments, a medium-sized cupboard and a large storage bin. On the eastern side of the northern half of the building was a small cell-like compartment where numerous animal remains were found. Next to the wall of the cell were six steps with total height of 80 cm. Building 5 had at the beginning a single room 11,5 x 8,5 m which was later divided into two spaces by a secondary wall. The first entrance was in the middle of the northern wall, but at a later stage this door was closed and an entrance opened at the eastern wall.
Comment The portable and non-portable items of building 4 show that the area and also building 3, which provided access to this section, were buildings related to cult practices. Building 3 must have been the "shrine" and building 4 the "most sacred place" of the shrine. Building 5 would have been the home of those who were specifically connected with the shrine.
Location of the Site

Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 107