Area 1140


Main Information
Area ID 1140
Site Bademağacı Höyük
Area type settlement
Area NR
Period Anatolia: Early Neolithic 7000 - 6600
Dating method material culture
radiocarbon dating
Radiocarbon dated None
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP) None
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP) None
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference
Comment The Early Neolithic settlement has 12 building levels. Among the 12 architectural levels of the Early Neolithic, the presence of two evolutionary stages was apparent: The lowermost five (EN1 with the building levels 9-5) and the upper seven (EN2 with the building levels 4-1).
Settlement type tell
Settlement structure enclosure: wall
houses: free-standing
Settlement building type one-room
Settlement building shape rectangular
Settlement building technique mud brick
plaster wall
stone socket
Settlement archaeological features bench
clay floor
hearth
niche
oven
plastered floor
stone row structure
storage building
storage pit
storage vessel
terrace wall
wall painting
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type
Grave: type of human remains inhumation
Grave: estimated number of individuals 8
Grave: age groups
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description The oldest architectural evidence from the first settlement period EN1 are parts of terrazzo flooring. The plaster was carefully burnished and the sections painted with dark red or blackish paint. As there was no evidence of architectural remains, it is not clear whether the floor was inside a building or in an open area. The second period EN2 consisted of seven architectural levels. The excavated buildings had a rectangular plan with walls of mudbricks 40-45 cm thick. The longer sides were 5-6 m and the shorter varied between 3,5 and 4 m. The interior corners of the houses were rounded. Some of the walls had shallow niches and the entrance was in the centre of the longer wall with 1 m in width. The buildings were one-roomed and had clay floors with an oven attached to the wall directly opposite the entrance. Only one house had two rooms. In some houses were slightly raised benches for sleeping. In the two-roomed house which was destroyed by fire were found 8 skeletons. It seems that the occupants haven't been intentionally buried there but have been caught in the fire while sleeping. In various parts of the open areas were placed groups of storage boxes made from fired clay. An interesting architectural feature is the rows of single stones aligned parallel to each other in various parts of the settlement.
Comment
Location of the Site

Bibliography
Finds in this Area