Area 1146


Main Information
Area ID 1146
Site Ulucak Höyük
Area type settlement
Area NR
Period Anatolia: Late Neolithic 6600 - 6000
Dating method material culture
radiocarbon dating
Radiocarbon dated yes
Earliest date: Lab Number Beta-223545
Earliest date: 14C age (BP) None
Earliest date: Calibration yes
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) 6660
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by charcoal
Latest date: Lab Number Beta-250264
Latest date: 14C age (BP) None
Latest date: Calibration yes
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) 6220
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by charcoal
Period Reference Çilingiroğlu, Altan; Çevik, Özlem; Çilingiroğlu, Çiler, Ulucak Höyüğü, 2012, Izmir
Comment The Late Neolithic settlement can be found in Level V with six subphases (Va-f). The Level V can be roughly dated to 6400-6000 cal. BC.
Settlement type tell
Settlement structure houses: agglutinated
houses: free-standing
Settlement building type one-room
Settlement building shape rectangular
Settlement building technique wattle and daub
Settlement archaeological features clay floor
clay platform
clay structure
hearth
oven
pit
plastered floor
post hole
storage building
storage vessel
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type
Grave: type of human remains
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description The architecture of Building Phase Va is characterized by post-wall buildings with adjacent walls. The walls are constructed with wattle-and-daub technique, whose evidence survives as 15-20 cm thick mud walls and irregular postholes. Each structure contains hearths, flat roofed ovens, storage units (circular daub bins or rectangular clay boxes), clay platforms and pottery vessels. One of the best preserved remains belongs to Subphase Vb. The architectural techniques and material are identical with Va. Postholes in thin plastered walls without stone foundations are observed. What differs is that the buildings are erected as free-standing, not in one big cluster as observed with Buildings 22-26 from Va. Three buildings belong to Vb, two of them partially (Buildings 31 and 33), one completely (Building 30), have been excavated. Building 33 revealed five circular daub bins as well as a damaged oven. Building 31, whose borders are made clear with a row of postholes, is identified as a "workshop" due to the high concentration of stone flakes and tools found inside. Building 30, measuring 4,5 x 4,5 cm, contained evidence of the inner spatial organization of a house. It has an entrance on its southern side which measures 1,3 m. Two postholes of 15 cm diameter in the southern central part of the building indicates that roof construction was supported by these posts. The walls and floor were plastered. The building contained clayplatforms, one oven, 11 storage units, 9 circular daub storage bins and 2 rectangular daub boxes. In addition, 23 pottery vessels of various sizes have been found on the floor. The earlier building phases Vc-Ve include rows of postholes, badly preserved fire installations and bins on whitish floor. Building phase Vd contains thick stone foundations. Building phase Vf is represented by a heavily burnt building (Building 40) having a plastered floor and two poorly preserved wattle-and-daub walls.
Comment One of the most ubiquitous finds of Level V are the clay sling missiles with more than 600 pieces. Since they were kept in considerable amounts at the site, it is plausible that there were tensions between the communities in the region. On the other hand, it is also known that sling missiles were used for hunting and by shepherds for personal defense as well as of their herd.
Location of the Site

Bibliography
Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 110