Area 315

Main Information
Area ID 315
Site Katalymata/Monastiraki
Area type settlement
Area NR
Period Crete/Tomkins 2007: Final Neolithic III
Dating method material culture
Radiocarbon dated no
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP)
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC)
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP)
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC)
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference Tomkins, P., Strata IX-VIII, VII-VIB, VIA-V, IV, IIIB, IIIA, II, IIA, and IC Groups, 2007,
K. Nowicki, The End of the Neolithic in Crete, 2002,
Alram-Stern, Eva, Die Ägäische Frühzeit, 2. Serie,Forschungsbericht 1977-2009. Das neolithische und vorpalastzeitliche Kreta, None, None
Comment Tomkins' Final Neolithic III is equivalent to Nowicki's Final Neolithic I.
Settlement type None
Settlement structure
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape
Settlement building technique
Settlement archaeological features bench
stone platform
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type
Grave: type of human remains
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description Final Neolithic finds were made on Terrace C in the rooms 4, 6 and the eastern area. The best feature in form of a layer of ashes directly on the natural ground was in room 6.This layer was rich in pottery and burned animal bones which indicates a context of food preparation. The same can be assumed for room 4. In the eastern part of room 6 the rock was carefully hewed and formed a platform which was used as a bench or as substructure for architecture. During the Final Neolithic a wall was built in room C which ran from the platform to the east. The room it created could have been used for stockpiling. The wall was given up during the Neolithic which indicates a prolonged and multi-phase usage. The western part of the terrace was probably used for preparing food. The usage of the eastern part of the terrace is uncertain. The terrace was abandoned in the Final Neolithic and not used until Middle Minoan II. Only terrace C seems to have been inhabited, but terrace B could have been used as well.
Location of the Site

Finds in this Area