Finds 6

Main Information
Finds ID 6
Site Sumaki Höyük
Area ID 3 settlement
Research event excavation: rescue The Sumaki Höyük Excavation 2007
Finds type small finds
Small finds category tool
Small finds type Awl
Grinding stone
Botany species
Animal remains species
Animal remains completeness None
Animal remains part
Lithics technology
Lithics industry
Lithics cores and preparation
Lithics retouched tools
Lithics unretouched tools
Lithics raw material
Obsidian None
Obsidian amount None
Pottery form
Pottery detail
Pottery decoration
Pottery type None
Amount 1001-5000
Material basalt
Confidence 5
Comment The dominant raw material of the ground stone industry is basalt. Even though source analysis has not yet been conducted, basalt was most likely brought to the site from a basalt outcrop of Kiradagi volcanism, covering an area of 25 m2, only 10 km to the SW of the site. Basalt is used in the production of grinding stones, hand stones, abraders, and pestles. According to the preliminary classification, the grinding stones are deep, oval shaped large tools and have been used intensively, some even until they were holed. These tools originally belonged to the 2nd Phase and were collected and re-used by the people ofthe 1st Phase in their architecture. Granite, marble, flint, sandstone, and Iimestone are the other raw materials. Polishers are made of various materials such as granite and marble. Celts and chisels are in various sizes and forms, flint pounders and hammer stones are predominant in the 1st Phase. Bone tools generally display meticulous and good quality craftsmanship. Piercing tools in different sizes - awls, borers and punches-constitute an important part of the bone tool assemblage. Blunt-edged-spatulae/polishers made from ribs and used for scraping, indicate that leatherwork was carried out at Sumaki, as at Cayönü. Bone and stone chisels and celts in different sizes and shapes indicate intensive wood-working . Most of the bone chisels have narrow cutting edges. Bone or antler hafts were not as common as the other bone tools, and antler sickles are absent. Needles, among the typical tools of the typical tools of the Pre-Pottery Neohthic bone kit, are very rare (only 2 pieces). Clay sealings are the largest group among the clay finds, both in numbers and in variety. So far, approximately 600 have been found. Most are broken, some are very brittle, some are hard. According to preliminary observations, they were pressed and/or glued onto a variety of different objects (baskets, twigs, reeds, pots, etc.). Same have strings/thongs of different materials threaded through them. Although these types may be confused with beads, they can be differentiated through their rough appearance. Perforated or blank disks made of sherds are predominant among the pottery assemblages of the 1st Phase, especially in trenches 18G and 20/0. These may have been weights, or they may have been charms or amulets, as can be seen in some homes in the Batman area today.
Interpretations related to these Finds
Interpretation ID 38