Area 151

Main Information
Area ID 151
Site Til Huzur-Yayvantepe
Area type settlement
Area NR Structure A2 (square W500)
Period Anatolia: Middle Neolithic
Anatolia: Late Neolithic 6600 - 6000
Anatolia: Early Chalcolithic 6000 - 5500
Dating method material culture
Radiocarbon dated yes
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP) 5770
Earliest date: Calibration yes
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) 4775
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation 80
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by seed
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP) 5770
Latest date: Calibration yes
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) 4525
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation 80
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by seed
Period Reference Caneva, I., Salvage excavations at Yayvantepe, None, None
Caneva, I., Early Villages in South-Eastern Turkey. New Research in the Cayönü Area., None, None
Caneva, I., Til Huzur – Yayvantepe, None, None
Comment Pottery is comparable to Neolithic Cayönü and other Neolithic sites of the region. In the burnt debris inside the basin some carbonised lentils were collected and submitted for C14 measurement The sample provided the only abslute date available so far for the site 5770 +/- 80BP (4775-4525 cal.BC), which however, considered to be quite late for the expected cultural attribution of this level to a Pre-Halafian phase.
Settlement type tell
Settlement structure houses: free-standing
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape rectangular
Settlement building technique mud brick
Settlement archaeological features
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type
Grave: type of human remains
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Comment A sequence of mudbrick architectural levels characterised the whole stratigraphy from top to bottom. Stone foundations or basements were completely absent: the walls, consisting of one line of mudbricks, were set directly on the soil. The shape of the structures was presumably square or rectangular, though in non of the squares could the layout of the buildings be identified, due to the small size of the exposure. Two such structures were identified in square W500 (A2 and A7) and two more in square W400 (A3 and A6), while no defind structures were found in the lower squares (W300, 200 and 100). Structure A2 was brought to light in the uppermost level exposed in the trench, in the southernmost and inner part of the excavation, about 2m below the surface. The architecture was quite well preserved, as the whole level appeared to have been affected by a violent fire: two thin, perpendicular, heavily burnt walls, about 1,3m high, were still standing, the inner part of the building being filled up with burnt mudbrick fragments. The walles apeared to delimit contiguous square rooms, the size of which could not be defined. In one of the rooms, a large, square clay basin, bordered with a line of flat stones, adjoined one of the walls. Besindes pottery and small finds (see respective entries). some carbonised lentils were collected in the burnt debris inside the basin and submitted for C14 measurment.
Location of the Site

Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 52