Area 176

Main Information
Area ID 176
Site Cayönü
Area type cemetery or grave
Area NR First Stage (graves)
Period Anatolia: Pre-Pottery Neolithic A 10200 - 8800
Dating method none recorded
Radiocarbon dated no
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP) None
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP) None
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference Bicakci, E., An Essay on the Chronology of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic Settlements of the Taurus Region (Turkey) with the Building Remains and C14 Dates., None, None
Özdogan, A., Cayönü, None, None
Comment The burials have been dated by the sampels taken from the buildings of the settlement. As the excavators don't mention the exact location of the graves, nor an exact dating, no radiocarbon dates are mentioned here.
Settlement type None
Settlement structure
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape
Settlement building technique
Settlement archaeological features
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography part of house
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type pit grave
Grave: type of human remains inhumation
secondary deposition
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups part of specialist report
Grave: sexes part of specialist report
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves none recorded
Description The graves of the Round Building Subphase are rather modest. The dead hav been buried either in pits (sometimes sourrounded by stones) in the open areas or below the floors of the huts, generally lying north-south on their right sides with their faces turned towards the ground, in tighly flexed positions. Isolated primary or secondary burials within the burnt fills of abandoned round/oval huts or in the open areas may well belong to the early grill buildings. There is a trace of a brain surgery (trepanation) on the skull of an individual buried in the fill of a burnt and abandoned semi-subterranean dwelling (RE). Primary burials, singly or in groups of twos and threes, either under the central rooms or between the grill "walls" or in the small cellular divisions, first made their exposed area and the number of grill buildings of the Second Stage. Relative to the size of the exposed area and the number of grill buildings, graves in the settlement are few. The raised practices, and the existence of the first "Skull Building" that we know to have been in use from the Channeled Building Suphase on, might be result of this necessity.
Location of the Site

Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 25