Area 22

Main Information
Area ID 22
Site Sumaki Höyük
Area type settlement
Area NR 3rd Phase
Period Anatolia: Pre-Pottery Neolithic C
Anatolia: Early Neolithic 7000 - 6600
Dating method material culture
Radiocarbon dated None
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP) None
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP) None
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference
Comment 3rd Phase (Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) and/or Pottery Neolithic with PPNB tradition in 2 or 3 subphases). The 3rd Phase appears to be the main occupation of the site, with 2 or 3 subphases. There is a clear distinction between the deposits of constructions and the outer areas. Roomed, two-storied rectangular structures; a wattle-and-daub type of architecture; super-imposed well-made large oval hearths and ovens with basket surroundings; an obsidian blade and flake industry. According to our 2010 data, there were floods torrents leaving thin fill layers between the subphases as well. This phase is most probably a Cell Buildings Subphase, in the terminology of the Cayönü excavations, in PPNB. As pottery fragments have been found in places in the fill, we term this phase for the moment as "Pottery Neolithic with a PPNB tradition ".
Settlement type tell
Settlement structure houses: free-standing
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape rectangular
Settlement building technique wattle and daub
Settlement archaeological features hearth
terrace wall
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type
Grave: type of human remains
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description freestanding single-. double- or (mainly) multi-roomed, two-storied rectangular structures with rounded corners; a wattle-and-daub type of architecture; super-imposed well-made large oval hearths and ovens with basket surrounings; an obsidian blade and flake industry. The settlement was divided into at least 2 sectors; each sector is composed of variously-oriented free-standing dissimilar rectilinear buildings lying close together in single or double rows encircling unequally-sized open areas. In the southeast sector, three rows of buildings on the south and a double row on the north encirle a wide open space. The existens of a possible third row to the north is not yet clear. This area is thought to to have been a central area with large ovens for public activities. However there are no indicators as yet of a large special building. ln the western sector, low terraces spread out araund a smaller open space. Preliminary observations on the distribution of the artifacts hint at the presence of workshops and special activity areas in this sector. Although it is hard to estimate the size of the settlement, it is more than 1 ha. lt is a permanent settlement, and the buildings were probably abandoned before the flood/torrent.
Location of the Site

Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 38