Area 27

Main Information
Area ID 27
Site Demirköy
Area type cemetery or grave
Area NR
Period Anatolia: Pre-Pottery Neolithic A
Dating method
Radiocarbon dated no
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP)
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC)
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP)
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC)
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference
Comment For the dating methods and dates please see "Demirköy - settlement"-Area.
Settlement type None
Settlement structure
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape
Settlement building technique
Settlement archaeological features
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves 8
Grave type pit grave
Grave: type of human remains inhumation
Grave: estimated number of individuals 6
Grave: age groups adult
Grave: sexes sex not specified
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex 6
Grave: disturbance of graves none recorded
Description The complete absence of burials at Hallan Cemi makes the presence of burials at Demirköy the most notable behavoiral innovation at this site, implying significant changes in mortuary ritual, symbolism, cosmology, etc. The burials involved both humans and animals - specifical canid, with a total of six human and two canid burials encountered and excavated. The human burials were of individuals ranging in age from infant throught adult and were somewhat variable in their treatment. In the five cases where it could be determined, bodies were laid on their right side, and all exhibited some degree of flexing. Four were laid out with their heads to the north or northeast; the fifth with the head to the south. The flexing ranged from a full fetal position, through intermediate degrees to just the flexing of the lower legs back up against the upper legs in an otherwise gernally extended position. The remaining example was a highly fragmentary, badly disturbed individual of whom little remained and abouth whoum very little can reliably be said. One individual was apparently burned in situ, in that all the remaining bones exhibited some degree of burning, but were present in more or less their proper anatomical position. Two other indivituals were either wrapped or placed on a reed mat for burial, judging from the phytolith impressions found under the bodies. A third individual, a child, was marked by closely spaced, parallel thin alternating bands of red and black pigment. For the moment, the most plausible explanation for this pattern of pigmentation is that the burial was bndled with bitumen-soaked cordage and then sprinkled with red ochre, with the ochre coming in contact with the body.
Location of the Site

Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 40