Area 578

Main Information
Area ID 578
Site Knossos
Area type settlement
Area NR
Period Crete/Evans, Vagnetti: Aceramic Neolithic 7000 - 6500
Crete/Tomkins 2007: Initial Neolithic 7000 - 6500
Dating method material culture
Radiocarbon dated None
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP) None
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP) None
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference P. Tomkins, Neolithic: Strata IX-VIII, VII-VIB, VIA-V, IV, IIIB, IIIA, IIA, and IC Groups, 2007, London
Alram-Stern, Eva, Die Ägäische Frühzeit, 2. Serie,Forschungsbericht 1977-2009. Das neolithische und vorpalastzeitliche Kreta, None, None
Comment Stratum 39 = Stratum X = Aceramic Neolithic (Evans/Vagnetti) = Initial Neolithic (Tomkins)
Settlement type tell
Settlement structure
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape
Settlement building technique mud brick
Settlement archaeological features pit
storage building
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type
Grave: type of human remains inhumation
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups infans I (0-6)
infans II (7-12)
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description In the earliest phase of the Neolithic, the south-eastern part of the Kephala hill was inhabited Stratum 39 in the northeastern part of the West Court and the Central Court of the Palace shows that farming is fully developed. Remains of plants imply a thermo-Mediterranean climate. Some stone-, flint- and obsidian-tools were found. Although obsidian (probably from Melos) was preferred, it occurred rarely (same as flint). Other materials include silicates, radiolarite and green and white quartz. Animal remains show that sheep, goats, cattle, pigs and dogs were domesticated (no traces of proto-domestication). Crop was possibly already stored in mud brick-timber-constructions at the edge of the settlement. The connected, open court-area was probably used for food-preparation and -consumption. The finds of many pits with traces of fire and carbonized crop and animal bones, as well as vessel fragments from the surface of that stratum are indicative for the communal usage of the court. In Area AC in the open country were child-burials (fetuses, neonates, infants) in a contracted position.
Location of the Site

Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 65
ID 66
ID 67
ID 68