Area 624

Main Information
Area ID 624
Site Phaistos
Area type settlement
Area NR
Period Crete/Tomkins 2007: Final Neolithic IV
Dating method material culture
Radiocarbon dated None
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP)
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC)
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP)
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC)
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference Alram-Stern, Eva, Die Ägäische Frühzeit, 2. Serie,Forschungsbericht 1977-2009. Das neolithische und vorpalastzeitliche Kreta, None, None
Settlement type None
Settlement structure
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape
Settlement building technique
Settlement archaeological features courtyard
stone setting
storage vessel
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type
Grave: type of human remains
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description Domestic activity can only be observed southern of the Minoan ramp. Maybe the living quarters of the settlement were here, but the buildings consisted of perishable materials and were removed by later activities. In this area, also ritual activities took place. In 2000-2002, two hearths with a stone setting were found. Animal bones indicate communal cooking and eating. In 2004, beneath room XIX, a cooking area consisting of a permanent hearth and two pits, as well as a pillar-like stone. Animal bones and grinding stones were found together with a set of vessels that indicate ritual usage (amphorae in granulata-ware, bowls for serving or with a spout, and a jug). Beneath these finds there was a second feature that also dated into Final Neolithic IV and consisted of similar vessels, molluscs and copper ore, which fit together with earlier published miniature vessels, a magnetic piece of iron and a female figurine. Ritual activities were known to be held southern of Corridor 7. Here, two round, constructed hearths, sopper ore and vessels similar to those beneath Room XIX were found, as well as a lot of animal bones (sheep/goat, pig, cattle). Therefore it is assumed that there existed two open courtyards that were used for ceremonial purposes, maybe even intercommunal ones.
Location of the Site

Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 78