Area 678

Main Information
Area ID 678
Site Mersin-Yumuktepe
Area type settlement
Area NR
Period Anatolia: Late Neolithic 6600 - 6000
Dating method material culture
Radiocarbon dated None
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP) None
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP) None
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference Özdoğan, Mehmet, The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Central Turkey, None, None
Caneva, I., Mersin-Yumuktepe in the Seventh Millennium BC: an updated view, 2012, None, None
Settlement type tell
Settlement structure
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape rectangular-apsidal
Settlement building technique pavement
plaster wall
stone lining
Settlement archaeological features courtyard
paved area
post hole
storage building
storage pit
waste pit
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type cist grave
pit grave
Grave: type of human remains inhumation
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups adult
mature (41-60)
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex 1
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description difference in village planning and building techniques in comparison with the earlier Middle Neolithic phase; large storage areas and human burials within the village; manufactures: spinning, weaving, making of ornaments; remarkable change in pottery (appearance and decorations); Village planning: leveling of the earlier deposits, starting a series of terraced houses and working areas on the slopes of the mound (from a height of ca. 10 m, which was the height of the summit at that time, down to the foot of the höyük ); the houses were oriented north-south, were rectangular with rounded corners (--> apsidal shape), had thicker walls than before (60 cm) and were built with smaller stones which were laid in several lines; size (inside): ca. 2 x 4 m; Inside one house, a rectangular hearth and a smaller fireplace were found; on the floor there were pottery vessels scattered around, the stonewalls showed traces of thick plaster --> all these finds indicate that the houses had been used for domestic purposes rather than animal stables; The village was re-arranged at the end of this phase: over the house level lay a large stone wall system, besides it was a stone-paved road which climbed the slope from west to east. Post-holes beside the road were indicators for fences or light structures. Deposits: contained thin layers of ashes and clayey soil (alternating) and no solid structures; concentration of pottery and bone fragments, antlers and stone artifacts (e.g. shafts, beads, bracelets) --> it was probably used as a dumping area for specialized workshops (stone and bone working confirmed through wear trace analysis) Storage structures: many round silos with a pisé wall and outer stone lining, paved with river pebbles were found between the houses, their diameter was between 80 and 130 cm (depending on their function), they were frequently, often partially, superimposed which indicates that they were rebuilt often; other storage structures: simple cylindrical earth pits, about 60 cm deep, were scattered in the area; one contained a stone quern, another one had a child's grave dug into the side wall (this grave contained a necklace of disk beds and a small globular beaker with a flaring neck, decorated with the yıldırım motif in red/brown, on an unburnished buff surface) other graves: child graves often found scattered between the houses, two of them were accompanied only by necklaces (one with truncated dentalium shells, one with different types of disk stone beads); In the same area (south of building A41), there was a double adult burial with intertwined, very poorly preserved bones in the same position, which suggests that they had been buried together, in a circular pit, lying on the right side in a contracted position; gifts: a small pot, a cup with a painted yıldırım motif in red on an orange burnished surface; Other graves in this area were dug deeply into the Early Neolithic deposits on the slopes of the mound; the skeleton always were in a tightly contracted position, lying either on the left or the right side, sometimes with gifts (e.g. pottery vessels, stone pendants, necklaces with disk-shaped stone beads); One skeleton belonged to an middle-aged woman. She showed use wear traces on her teeth, deriving from intensive use in basketry making.
Location of the Site

Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 88
ID 89
ID 90