Area 764


Main Information
Area ID 764
Site Aşıklı
Area type settlement
Area NR
Period Anatolia: Pre-Pottery Neolithic B 8800 - 7000
Dating method material culture
radiocarbon dating
Radiocarbon dated yes
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP) None
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation None
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP) None
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference Özdoğan, Mehmet, The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Central Turkey, None, None
Özbaşaran, M., Aşıklı, None, None
Comment Level 4 dates into the second half of the 9th millennium cal. BC.
Settlement type tell
Settlement structure houses: free-standing
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape ovoid
rectangular
Settlement building technique
Settlement archaeological features fireplace
hearth
pit
post hole
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves 2
Grave type pit grave
Grave: type of human remains inhumation
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description Level 4 is the earliest of the 4 levels of this site. 150 m² of it were excavated first in 2003-4. It was dated via C14 into the second half of the 9th millennium cal. BC. The subsistence, technologies and burial customs change slightly though the sequence. The found buildings of Level 4 are sub-oval in plan, semi-subterranean and free standing around an open space that was used for several activities. One of the best preserved buildings of this level is Building 3. It was exposed in the eastern part of the excavated area, has an oval ground plan with a diameter of around 2,5 m. The plastered walls are preserved up to 1,6 m and were made of kerpiç blocks. On the floor there was a squarish platform with rounded corners, pits and post-holes (?). In the middle of it, there was a hearth; also two burial pits were found. A thick layer of organic remains (phytoliths) and fragmentary kerpiç blocks lay all over the floor, which indicates a collapsed roof (?). Building 6 lies northern of Building 3 and east of the external open area, which consisted of various activity areas, e.g. a shallow depression with an earth-plastered surface. It was about 2,5 m in diameter; on its floor, there were animal bones, obsidian finds, worked and used bones in situ. This area was used for the manufacture and use of obsidian tools and bone tools. Activities that were executed here: cutting and scraping of soft materials, meat and fresh hide, siliceous vegetal and fresh soft wood, piercing of soft material, cutting of soft or medium-soft worked material ,and harvesting of cereals. The find of two pairs of post-holes in the floor suggest the construction of a light structure shelter over the space. This area was used consecutively over the years (up to Level 3). Also the existence of pits, fire places, kerpiç blocks, areas with concentrations of burnt organic remains and Celtis seeds imply the intensive use of this area. Building 2 is located south-western of the excavated area. It was rectangular with rounded corners; its walls were made of lumps of kerpiç soil. The different form and building technique of this building indicates a different use for it as well, also indicated by the finds of a number of coprolites directly on the second renewal floor. In Level 4, daily activities took place in open areas. The buildings were made with kerpiç and without stone foundations. There was a building continuity (rebuilding took place at the same spot). Burial customs: sub-floor inhumations;
Comment
Location of the Site

Bibliography
Finds in this Area