Area 788

Main Information
Area ID 788
Site Musular
Area type settlement
Area NR
Period Anatolia: Late Neolithic
Anatolia: Early Chalcolithic
Dating method material culture
radiocarbon dating
Radiocarbon dated yes
Earliest date: Lab Number KIA-30923
Earliest date: 14C age (BP)
Earliest date: Calibration yes
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC)
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation -45
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP)
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC)
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation None
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by
Period Reference Özdoğan, Mehmet, The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Central Turkey, None, None
Özbaşaran, M. - Duru, G. - Kayacan, N. - Erdoğu, B. - Buitenhuis, H., , Musular. The 8th Millennium cal. BC Satellite Site of Aşıklı; Istanbul 2012, None, None
Comment This area dates to the very end of the Neolithic and the beginning of the Chalcolithic period. C14 (only a singular sample from bones, located in the exterior open space east of the multi-roomed building): 6955 +-45 BP/beginning of the 6th millennium cal. BC.
Settlement type tell
Settlement structure
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape
Settlement building technique pavement
Settlement archaeological features storage vessel
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type
Grave: type of human remains
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description This phase is very badly damaged (agricultural activities, erosion), but one multi-roomed building could be identified, as well as segments of stone walls, fragmentary floors and pits. The pottery settlement lay directly over the Aceramic Neolithic layers. The multi-roomed building had two small cell-like rooms, a narrow space in the east (corridor-like) and a larger room in the south. There probably was another room further south that was destroyed. The building's superstructure and floors have been destroyed completely, so it can only be traced at the foundation level. Inside and around the building there was obsidian, animal bones an artifacts, but none of them definitely in situ. In situ finds were made in the pits and within a working area southeast of the building. East and west of the building were open areas, probably used for daily tasks. In the external areas, pits, paved floors of two "silos" and a pavement were discovered. The "silo" bases/storage bins were round structures. Their floors were paved with small/medium flattish stones and a few shards of large vessels. The other pavement was made of small pebbles and shards that were scattered over the surface of the walking ground. Pottery: handmade, coarse textured clay, always with organic temper. Inclusions generally came from syenitic sources. Two different fabrics were distinguished: syenitic terrains (alkali feldspar and altered micas) or materials derived from lavas. Plant inclusions existed in both. Fabric A (most common, ca. 80% of the pottery) has a grey, red or reddish-grey clay matrix. Fabric B had a reddish grey clay matrix. Tempering was very limited in both fabrics. The exact clay source is difficult to ascertain, but all the inclusions are consistent with the prevailing geology of the area. Four ware groups can be distinguished: 1) red slipped ware with pinkish-buff surfaces; the slip flakes and peels off easily; smoothed and burnished surfaces, moderate to good quality; 2) red slipped ware with brick-red paste; 11,76 % of the assemblage; made of Fabric A; more compact and carefully finished than the first group; thick dark red slip that bonded well because of the heavy burnish; 3) dark colored ware, 13,23 % of the assemblage; made from Fabric A; surface color grey, brownish grey, greyish black or black; the exterior is lightly burnished, the interior nly smoothed; 4) buff, pinkish-buff or light brown colored; 17,65% of the assemblage; made from Fabric A; in- and outside evenly smoothed and unburnished or lightly burnished; mostly body shards found; forms: straight-sided bowls (29,41 %), s-shaped deep bowls (27,94 %), s-shaped cooking pots (13,23%), large vertical necked jars (10,29%), straight-sided dishes (5,89%), large jars with out-turned rims (5,89%), flaring-sided bowls (4,41%), rounded bowls (1,47%), simple-sided jars (1,47%); No exact similarities could be found to other Late Neolithic pottery in Central Anatolia (from Tepecik-Çiftlik). Almost all material was found mixed with that of the aceramic layers. Finds: polished axes, a tufa weight, beads, grinding stones, awls --> suggest domestic activities --> different from the Aceramic Neolithic!
Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 102