Finds 1962

Main Information
Finds ID 1962
Site Pınarbaşı B
Area ID 807 settlement
Research event
Finds type small finds
Small finds category tool
Small finds type Axe
Grinding stone
Botany species
Animal remains species
Animal remains completeness None
Animal remains part
Lithics technology
Lithics industry
Lithics cores and preparation
Lithics retouched tools
Lithics unretouched tools
Lithics raw material
Obsidian None
Obsidian amount None
Pottery form
Pottery detail
Pottery decoration
Pottery type None
Material basalt
green stone
Confidence None
Comment Very large pestles were common, but mortars were less common --> maybe pestles were used with bedrock mortars, located on a shelf of limestone in the south of the 9th millennium mound; also smaller handstones were used for grinding; there also were large querns (e.g. a triangular one in B 3); there also were basalt "griddles"; some of these tools were likely used for ochre pressing, and they could have been used on plaster, meat, plant food processing (almond, terebinth nut) and other materials; The materials for the tools came from the Karadağ, and some small greenstone axes were imported in unworked form from ca. 80 km to the south-west (where the Çarşamba River met the Konya Plain), the axes were probably valued and highly curated items. Also, decorated shaft straighteners were found, as well as bone points and other tools. The shaft straighteners were sub-rectangular basalt and schist stones of modest size (2,5-5,5 cm long), with a polished central groove --> probably much use and wear and tear from prolonged curation. The surface color was altered due to some treatment, and decorated with a variety of geometric incisions (e.g. parallel lines,Vs, Xs, dots) --> probably arrow shaft straighteners and used for working of sinew --> parts of hunting kits, closely asociated with the individual identities of hunters; similar items were found on slightly earlier and contemporary PPNA to PPNB sites on the Euphrates.