Area 119

Main Information
Area ID 119
Site Salat Cami Yani
Area type settlement
Area NR Phase 2
Period Anatolia: Middle Neolithic
Dating method radiocarbon dating
Radiocarbon dated yes
Earliest date: Lab Number
Earliest date: 14C age (BP) 7690
Earliest date: Calibration None
Earliest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Earliest date: Date of calibration None
Earliest date: Standard deviation 25
Earliest date: Delta 13C None
Earliest date: Dated by charcoal
Latest date: Lab Number
Latest date: 14C age (BP) 7355
Latest date: Calibration None
Latest date: 14C age calibrated (BC) None
Latest date: Date of calibration None
Latest date: Standard deviation 25
Latest date: Delta 13C None
Latest date: Dated by charcoal
Period Reference Miyake, Y., Salat Cami Yani, None, None
Comment There is no significant difference between Phase 1 and Phase 2.
Settlement type tell
Settlement structure houses: free-standing
Settlement building type
Settlement building shape rectangular
Settlement building technique pisé
Settlement archaeological features hearth
Cave/rockshelters type None
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of graves/human remains
Cave/rockshelters: Evidence of occupation
Quarry exploitation type None
Quarry raw material
Cemetery/graves topography
Cemetery/graves mortuary features
Grave: number of graves
Grave type
Grave: type of human remains
Grave: estimated number of individuals
Grave: age groups
Grave: sexes
Grave: number of female sex None
Grave: number of male sex None
Grave: number of not specified sex None
Grave: disturbance of graves
Description Relatively well preserved structures such as rectangular pise buildings, oval shaped hearths and subterranean ovens were detected. Particularly through the upper three layers, at least, some houses and hearths were found lying one upon the other in almost the same place, demonstrating either a rather rigid spatial organization within the community or a strong continuity among these layers. lt seems likely that a rectangular pise building and oval shaped hearths constitute a basic household unit. The pise buildings were built without stone foundations and most of them are divided into small rooms by partition walls. ln the open space outside of these features, hearths are usually located. The hearth is oval shaped and about 2 m lang and 1 m to 1,5 m wide. The floors of the hearths, which are surrounded by low clay walls with a void on the short side, are coated with mud plaster containing a large amount of small stones and hardened from firing. Most of them have stone pavements beneath the tloors, probably for thermal retention. A series of six hearths was built in the same horizontal place, directly over one another. It was confirmed that all these hearths were contemporary with the pise building of Layer 4 (structure 27), which is located about 1m away. That means this hearth was rebuilt five times while the same hause was continuously occupied. Except for the uppermost one, all the hearths have stone pavements beneath the floor. A number of subterranean ovens are found mainly confined to the upper layers of Phase 2 and spatially squares 1Y, 1A and 2A. This type of oven has an elongated oval shape with various dimensions, ranging from 35 cm to 140 cm in length. ln some cases burned stones are found in situ in the ovens, possibly indicating that the ovens were used as roasting pits. Same ovens were made by cutting through earlier ones, suggesting that cooking activities were repeatedly practiced in this sector.
Finds in this Area
Interpretations related to this Area
Interpretation ID 46
ID 47
ID 48