Finds 196

Main Information
Finds ID 196
Site Körtik Tepe
Area ID 75 settlement
Research event excavation: rescue Körtik Tepe Excavations 2000 - 2010
Finds type animal remains
Small finds category None
Small finds type
Botany species
Animal remains species aurochs (Bos primigenius)
bean goose (Anser fabalis)
beaver (Castor fiber)
donkey (None)
fallow deer (Dama dama)
graylag goose (Anser anser)
great bustard (Otis tarda)
hare (Lepus timidus)
hare (Lepus europaeus)
mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos)
partridge ()
red deer (Cervus elaphus)
red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
roe deer (Capreolus capreolus)
tortoise ()
wild boar (Sus scrofa)
wild goat (Capra aegagrus)
wild sheep (Ovis orientalis)
wildcat (Felis silvestris)
wolf (Canis lupus)
Animal remains completeness incomplete
Animal remains part extremity
Lithics technology
Lithics industry
Lithics cores and preparation
Lithics retouched tools
Lithics unretouched tools
Lithics raw material
Obsidian None
Obsidian amount None
Pottery form
Pottery detail
Pottery decoration
Pottery type None
Confidence 5
Comment Zooarchaeological work on large archaeofaunal samples from the site is still ongoing. A new and rigorous dating program is currently under way to examine the stratigraphy and reveal its exact nature. ln an attempt to minimize the vagaries of sampling and to have a better horizontal control, materials from 17 contexts across the site were analyzed. Every skeletal element including smallest bone splinters for the purpose of assemblage characterization was recorded. The degree of fragmentation is really high with high ratios of nonidentified splinters and long bone shaft fragments. The fragmentation pattern partly retlects exhaustive processing of carcasses by humans when bones were in a fresh state before they were buried and rapidly deposited. When examining the relative importance of large and small game, large game is defined as including all ungulate taxa, whereas small game includes only typical small food animals such as hare, tortoises, and birds. Carnivores and other animals are excluded because their status as food animal is not certain. 1t is clear that remains of large game are predominant in the assemblage as a general pattern. When one turns to principal taxa in general, and ungulates in particular, a clear pattern in which remains of wild sheep and red deer are overwhelmingly predominant in the assemblage is identifiable. Wild sheep outnumber wild goat with a sheep to goat ratio of 30 to 1. The underrepresentation of wild goat at Körtik has to do with the local paleoecology and topography retlecting friendlier wild sheep habitats with open grasslands and rolling hills. The abundance of red deer suggests open country and gallery forests, whereas the remains of !arge birds such as the goose and the great bustard retlect aquatic and open environments with grasslands and marshes along the banks of Tigris and Batman Rivers. The assemblage has a wide range of body part representations with head dominating, axial and limbs represented in varying proportions, and extremities underrepresented. The Körtik assemblage departs from the stereotypical head-and-foot pattern. Unlike ungulates, Körtik birds revealed a very clear pattem of body part distribution with wings overwhelmingly dominating the assemblage. To summarize and conclude, the inhabitants of PPNA Körtik Tepe had the technology and knowledge to exploit a wide array of animal taxa including large or small game, slow (tortoise) or quick game (hare and partridge). Intensive and primary wild sheep hunting was supplemented by secondary red deer hunting, and seasonal wildfowling was a major or significant minor resource. Zooarchaeological work on a large collection from Körtik is still ongoing.
Interpretations related to these Finds
Interpretation ID 44