Finds 364

Main Information
Finds ID 364
Site Hakemi Use
Area ID 149 settlement
Research event excavation: rescue The Hakemi Use Excavations 2001
Finds type small finds
Small finds category tool
Small finds type Awl
Grinding stone
Loom weight
Net sinker
Spindle whorl
Botany species
Animal remains species
Animal remains completeness None
Animal remains part
Lithics technology
Lithics industry
Lithics cores and preparation
Lithics retouched tools
Lithics unretouched tools
Lithics raw material
Obsidian None
Obsidian amount None
Pottery form
Pottery detail
Pottery decoration
Pottery type None
Material basalt
Confidence 5
Comment The most outstanding find within the stone objects of Hakemi Use was recovered in the 2004 excavation season. The objects collected in the sounding carried out in plan-square D8b1 are a multi-dimpled basalt mortar with a grinding stone just by its side. On the surface of this multi-dimpled mortar, there are 6 dimples with different widths and depths. Although no metal finds have been found in the excavated area as of today, it is possible to surmise that this multi-dimpled mortar might have been used to prepare some sort of a metal ore by pounding. It is also possible that this mortar could have been used for grinding the pigments needed for the process of painting or slipping the pottery. The existance of grinding and threshing stones and the increase in their number over time, are supporting data for the frequency of agricultural activities. These stones are still being studied. Although it is normally a widespread tool among Neolithic stone assemblages, it is interesting that there is only one end scraper among the stone objects analyzed. Two stone seals were found in the Late Neolithic levels. The seals, which are the same size and shape, have a stamping surface of ca. 2,5cm in diameter and have pierced lugs. The stamping surfaces of the seals are decorated with diagonal grooves made by incision. A small clay object with stamp was collected in the 2005 excavation. The object in question looks like a lentil of 3,5cm in diameter. It has no lug or string hole. Spindle-whorls and loom weights are common. The clay spindle-whorls are usually biconical. In addition to these, loom weights were produced by making a hole in the middle of potsherds. Objects made of natural pebbles of some centimeters in diameter and with small holes on their ends could also have been used as loom weights; it is also possible that they were used in fishing nets. There is an extensive presence of worked bone; among these, awls shaped from sheep bones are suggestive of leather manufacturing. Likewise, spatulas in different sizes are significant within the objects made of bone.
Interpretations related to these Finds
Interpretation ID 50