Finds 474

Main Information
Finds ID 474
Site Cayönü
Area ID 178 settlement
Research event excavation: research The Cayönü Excavations 1964 - 1991
Finds type lithics
Small finds category None
Small finds type
Botany species
Animal remains species
Animal remains completeness None
Animal remains part
Lithics technology Pressure technique
Lithics industry Blade industry
Flake industry
Lithics cores and preparation
Lithics retouched tools Burin
End-scraper on blade
Projectile point
Retouched blade
Lithics unretouched tools
Lithics raw material Flint
Obsidian Yes
Obsidian amount None
Pottery form
Pottery detail
Pottery decoration
Pottery type None
Material flint
Confidence 5
Comment In the latest phase of the grill buildings, end scrapers, burins, and continuously retouched tools decrease in number. The major change, however, is inthe morphology of the tools. Byblos points and highly standardized double-backed obsidian blades appear. Different types of points increase. Increase in the side retouches of the non-formal tools reflects a more flexible attitude in chipped stone tools production. The industry mainly depended on flint, with good quality flints being used to obtain thin flat blades. The most important development is the making of special function tools from obsidian, using a pressure flaking technique, which first appears in the Cayönü Channeled Building Subphase and is used both on obsidian and on local and imported flint. The distribution of the "Cayönü tool" that first appears in this subphase, documents the relationships of Cayönü being more with the Zagros sites, than with the Euphrates sites.
Interpretations related to these Finds
Interpretation ID 28
ID 30