Finds 59

Main Information
Finds ID 59
Site Hallan Cemi
Area ID 25 settlement
Research event excavation: rescue Hallan Cemi excavation 1991 - 1994
Finds type animal remains
Small finds category None
Small finds type
Botany species
Animal remains species dog (Canis familiaris)
fish (None)
pig (Sus scrofa domesticus)
red deer (Cervus elaphus)
sheep/goat (Ovis/Capra)
Animal remains completeness incomplete
Animal remains part skull
Lithics technology
Lithics industry
Lithics cores and preparation
Lithics retouched tools
Lithics unretouched tools
Lithics raw material
Obsidian None
Obsidian amount None
Pottery form
Pottery detail
Pottery decoration
Pottery type None
Confidence 5
Comment The animal species exploited by the site's inhabitants include sheep/goats, deer, pig, canids, bears, and a variety of small mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish. Though most of the animals consumed by the site's inhabitants were, as expected, wild and presumably obtained by hunting, there is strong evidence that the site's inhabitants were beginning to experiment with a rudimentary form of animal husbandry. However, these early experiments with animal husbandry did not involve sheep or goats, the species which are widely thought to be the earliest to be fully domesticated; rather, they involved the husbandry of pigs. Sheep and deer were the most intensively exploited animal species at Hallan Cemi. The data indicate that all the bones from these species were from morphologically wild individuals and were presumably obtained by hunting. However, the pig data indicate that some primitive form of husbandry was being practiced with these animals to some degree. Specifically, the survivorship curve indicates that a particularly high number (43%) of the pigs did not live beyond one year of age, a pattern typically seen at sites with domesticated pigs and not at sites where pigs were obtained by hunting.
Interpretations related to these Finds
Interpretation ID 39