Interpretation 39

Main Information
Interpretation ID 39
Site Hallan Cemi
Area ID 25 settlement
Finds ID 58 lithics
ID 59 animal remains
ID 60 botany
Description Thus, at Hallan Cemi we clearly have an early sedentary society that was not dependent on cereal grass exploitation. the animal species exploited by the site's inhabitants include sheep/goats, deer, pig, canids, bears, and variety of small mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish. Though most of the animals consumed by the site's inhabitantss were, as expected, wild and presumably obtained by hunting, there is strong evidence that the site's inhabitants were beginning to experiment with animal husbandry did not involve sheep or goats, the species which are widely thought to be the earliest to be fully domesticated; rather, they involved the husbandry of pigs. Sheep and deer were the most intensively exploited animal species at Hallan Cemi. They where presumably obtained by hunting. The pig data indicate that some primitive from of husbandry was being practiced with these animals to some degree. The survivorship curve indicates that a particularly high number of pigs and not at sites where pigs were obtained by hunting. Also, the sex ratio is biased towards males, presumably because females were being retained fro breeding stock. The ratio of bones from various body parts indicates that more pigs were being butchered at the site that were individuals of the other main food animal species, implying that at least some were being maintained at the site prior to butchering. The evidence for primitive pig husbandry at Hallan Cemi demonstrates two important points about the shift from hunting-gathering to food production (and ultimately domestication).
Production type
Subsistence type animal husbandry
storage systems